painter, cloisonnist, synthetist, symbolist
Bernard was born in 1868, in Lille, France; and in 1881
moved to Paris with his family. A painter of mythological compositions,
religious subjects, genre paintings, portraits, nudes, landscapes,
urban landscapes, and still-life, Bernard worked in gouache and
watercolor; he was also a painter of cartoons for tapestries, a
sculptor, an engraver, and an illustrator.
of the "synthetic symbolism", and as such the inventor
of a new vision, Bernard evolved later in his works to a return
to the classic art, after having played an essential role of initiator
for Gauguin and the group artists known for having worked out of
early passion for drawing was opposed by his father but supported
by his grandmother. Registered in the Studio of Cormon, in 1885,
he met Anquetin and Toulouse-Lautrec with whom he becomes friends.
for insubordination, he traversed on foot Normandy and Brittany,
in 1886. In Concarneau, he met Schuffenecker who sent him to Pont-Aven
to meet Gauguin. In Asnières, he painted with Van Gogh; Signac,
who had noticed him, came to visit him.
the summer of 1887, Bernard was in Saint-Briac, in the pension of
Mrs. Lemasson where he tried his first tests of "cloisonnism".
In August 1888, he was twenty years old and living in Pont-Aven
with his sister Madeleine. He became friends with Gauguin, and working
together, their collaboration produced the esthetics characteristic
of works from Pont-Aven.
spent the summer of 1889 in Brittany, after having shown at the
Café Volpini with other artists of the Pont-Aven's group.
In 1890, he tried to earn a living in Lille by drawing fabrics but
he quickly abandoned that project. He quarreled with Gauguin in
1891, but he also showed his work that year at the "Indépendants"
and Barc de Boutteville.
took part in the 1892 "Salon de la Rose Croix” in Pont-Aven;
and in 1893, thanks to the financial assistance of the Count of
Rochefoucauld, he left for Constantinople where he lived until 1904.
returning to France, he visited Cézanne lived for a time
in Tonnerre. He traveled frequently to Italy, returned to Pont-Aven
between 1939 and 1940 and died in Paris in 1941.